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Book by David Michalets

Progress of Metaphysics

Metaphysics is the study of reality, or such things as causality, mind and matter, or space and time,

Physics is the study of energy, forces, matter and motion.

Isaac Newton defined the foundation of physics.

He defined his 3 laws of motion, and the law of universal gravitation.

The first law is inertia, which Newton credited to Galileo.

The second law defined the relation of force, matter, and acceleration or motion. This law is the familiar equation of F=ma.

The third law is that every action has an equal and opposite reaction.

Gravity is the instantaneous force of attraction between two bodies; this force diminishes by the inverse- square of the distance between them.

Newton's descriptions of forces and motion are called Newtonian mechanics.

When living after Newton, James Clerk Maxwell and others defined the forces of electromagnetism, which are also instantaneous.

The electric force is active between two charges; this force diminishes by the inverse-square of the distance between them. The direction of this force depends on the polarity of the charges. Like charges repel, but opposite charges attract.

Therefore, All the bodies in universe can be affected by all of the other bodies, but with different effects when charged.

The effect of most of the fundamental forces decreases, as a distance increases. The Lorentz force is just instantaneous, as it is driven by the presence of a magnetic field acting on the moving charge.

Modern physics has been defined as physics after both the acceptance of relativity and the introduction of quantum mechanics.

Quantum mechanics is the study of nature at the scale of atoms and subatomic particles.

The development of quantum mechanics began in the mid-1920's, or after Einstein's theories were accepted and integrated.

Classical mechanics is synonymous with Newtonian mechanics.

Cosmology is the study of the cosmos, or the study of the nature of the universe.

Within that broad scope, cosmology includes metaphysics and physics

In 1905, Albert Einstein published  5 notable papers.

1) the theory of special reativity,

2) On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies,

3) Does the Inertia of a Body Depend on its Energy-ontent?

4) the photoelectric effect,

5) Brownian motion

Around this time, an atomic model arose..

In 1913, the Rutherford-Bohr model was defined by those two men.

Also around this time, the science of astrophysics arose.

In 1912, Vesto Slipher measured the first redshift.
In 1914, Vesto Slipher measured the first blue shift.

In 1916, Einstein published the theory of general reativity.

In 1919, the Eddington Experiment  seemed to confirm Einstein's theories, and Einstein became a celebrity.

In 1920, Einstein published a book on relativity, both special and general theory.

His book from 1920 included the results of the 1919 Eddington experiment.

In 1920, Eddington proposed his model for a star, using solar fusion to explain its energy.This model was based on Einstein's energy equation of E=mc^2.

In the mid-1920's, or after Einstein's theories had been accepted, quantum mechanics arose.

After 1920, the acceptance of Einstein's theories, in his 6 papers, affected all of the terms, noted above,  associated with metaphysics, physics, quantum mechanics, and cosmology.

In 1926,  Lemaitre proposed a Primeval Atom, which was the first theory in a series leading to the current big bang theory of a creation event.

In 1929, Hubble proposed Hubble's Law with its Hubble's constant to define the relationship between a redshift, as a velocity, and a distance to that object.

Later, this Hubble Flow became an expanding universe.

In 1949, Fred Hoyle, an opponent of the theory, coined the term big bang for the theory evolving after Lemaitre's start.

In 1946, Immanuel Velikovsky published Cosmos without Gravitation, which offered his proposed changes to metaphysics, and more.

In 1950 and 1955, Immanuel Velikovsky published 2 books, Worlds in Collision and Earth in Upheaval, which presented a different, and controversial, view of history, including a) human history, b) solar system history,  and c) Earth's geology (Upheaval).
Both books had extensive research. Other books and publications followed.

In the 1970's, a series of academic journals  began, presenting research  based on the topics in the works of Velikovsky.

The books by Velikovsky and these journals were the beginning of the electric universe cosmology.

In 1970, Hannes Alfven was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his contributions to plasma physics.

In 1964, quarks were discovered, using particle colliders.

In 1975, Pais and Treiman coined the term Sandard Model.

In 1997, Arp published Seeing Red. which is part of the saga of misunderstanding redshifts.

This book is my perspective on many topics affecting metaphysics, which has a similar, large scope as cosmology.
Those living through earlier times certainly had a different perspective of metaphysics, based on accumulated knowledge..

I have proposed a fix for the redshift mistake, so I have a contribution to metaphysics.
This mistake with fundamental, extragalactic data has consequences at many levels, from astrophysics to metaphysics.

This mistake in the fundamental data set resulted in wrong conclusions at the level of metaphysics, which is the general summation of all the theories based on the underlying data.

One mistake from wrong data is is a big bang event to create the entire universe, with its false motion away from the Earth. This theory is important in modern metaphysics.

This book presents my perspective of our current understanding of metaphysics.

In 2012, the discovery of the Higgs boson was claimed to be the final building block of the Standard Model.

Metaphysics is still changing as the dominant cosmology changes.

I present my interpretation of the electric universe cosmology.

Science is the endeavor by humanity to accumulate knowledge, from observations and from designed experiments.

This dynamic process and its data enable the formation of testable explanations and predictions of the universe.

Historically, individuals make discoveries, and groups decide on the extent that possible changes in the group's consensus will integrates any change, because any change affects the future path for the group.

Progress requires more than discoveries by an individual, to become a step forward in the progress of any science.

I defined my own criteria for measuring progress, predictability and proper physics.

Metaphysics is an attempt by humanity yo understand reality, the nature wet we observe) and causality , or knowing the causes of the effects that we observe.

We use the scientific method to learn causality. This is a process of
1) analyzing the available data,
2) develop a hypotheseis of a possible cause,
3) testing predictions of a hypothesis.

4)  results can either confirm a prediction or require a change in the theory to accommodate all results.

Steps 1 through 4 must be repeated whenever new data are obtained.

Conflicting data, at any time, can impact a previously confirmed theory.

This book is my interpretation of the progress of metaphysics, presented  in 9 sections.

I defined several vague phases to describe the progress of metaphysics in only general terms.

Metaphysics describes concepts, without precision.

1) the ancient phase, when gods and myths substituted for explanations of the dynamic processes that are  observed in nature.

Initially, humanity lacked enough experience (either directly or reported by their predecessors) to explain complex events.

In other words, the shared knowledge base was limited, or immature.

2) the classical phase, when the accumulation of data from observation and from deaigned experiments enabled better explanations of the mechanisms underlying nature.

Notable scientists like Galileo, Isaac Newton, James Clerk Maxwell, made significant contributions to the progress  of physics, and so also of metaphysics, in this phase.

This time before roughly 1900 is classical metaphysics

3) the changes to metaphysics described by Einstein; these can be stated simply, but their consequences are extensive.

Among them are:
a) gravity is not a force and  the special observer has their path curved only by a gravitational field, not the physical force.
b) the forces of electromagnetism are ignored,
c) the fundamental forces are not instantaneous, as they had been defined by Newton and Maxwell, but they propagate at the velocity of light,
d) mass has a velocity limit at c, though ehen the false limit is enforced, then that is a violation of thermodynamics,

e) light is not the propagation of synchronized, perpendicular electric and magnetic fields, as defined by Maxwell.
Instead, light is packets of energy, or quanta, or like a particle of energy,
f) there is a false equivalence between mass and energy (from e=mc2).

I assign this phase to Einstein not to relativity because he has the credit for the 6 papers having these changes, where each paper had its own impact on metaphysics.

This phase is the time of Einstein. The phase is not only about him, but includes others as well.. Each paper by Einstein includes work by anothet scientist, including Minkowski, Lorentz, Planck, and Brown. This time was truly a transition of physics.

4) the modern phase, when relativity and quantum mechanics were developed and integrated into physics, and so into metaphysics, as well..

This phase includes the theory of a big bang event. Such an unobserved event is in the domain of metaphysics.

5) Electric Universe cosmology EUC phase, when there is a fragmented attempt to improve mataphysics, by taking a different path after the classical phase by integrating plasma physics, from Alfven and Perratt, to supplement gravity. There are several important improvements over modern metapohysics with the rejection of Einstein's theories, and the adoption of plasma physics. Unfortunately,, the chosen path was wrong when adopting  false theories by Arp and Velikovsky.

7) Sky Scholar Channel is an independent group of scientists loosely associated with EUC.

The channel's major contributors are Crothers, Dowdye, and Robitaille.

I suggest this group is very important to the progress of metaphysics, though their work is not fully adopted by EUC.

8) I have proposed a fix for the redshift mistake, which impacts astrophysics and metaphysics.

There are 2 reasons why I wrote this book.

1) EUC has potential to contribute to the progress of metaphysics given its adoption of notables in plasma physics, like Alfven and Peratt..

Unfortunately, the small team defining the path for EUC made wrong selections for crucial assumptions.
As a result EUC is on a wrong path for a contribution to the progress of metaphysics,

I wish to advise the EUC community on a better path forward,

2)  I can convey my vision of metaphysics after my recommendations are implemented.

There good and bad puzzle pieces on the table. Some fit while others do not.
The crucial pieces of the mataphysical puzzle are ready for integration.
 I provide my selections to complete a coherent metaphysical picture of the universe.

3) The electric universe cosmology (EUC) has addressed many of the problems of modern cosmology, like recognizing the work of Aflven. Unfortunately, EUC  its own mistakes, like not recognizing Velikovsky's mistakes.

Some of these solutions are already available in the EU community, but the those trying to define a comprehensive EU cosmology have not yet integrated all the necessary pieces. I can describe that better version of metaphysics.

Of course, the word better with metaphysics is a judgment.

Others in the scientific community decide on the accepted path for metaphysics to continue its progress in a direction that is deemed most productive..

Like science, metaphysics is essentially humanity seeking answers to very deep questions.

This book is organized into individual sections. They follow somewhat the phases in the introduction.

Table of Contents

1  Ancient Phase of Metaphysics, or before Galileo

2  Classical Phase of Metaphysics, or after Newton

3 Transition Phase of Mataphysics, or only changes by Einstein

4  Modern Phase of Metaphysics, or after both Einstein and Q.M.

5  Electric Universe Cosmology Phase of Metaphysics

6 Sky Scholar Channel Phase of Metaphysics

7 My changes to EUC Metaphysics

8 Non-science

9  Final Conclusion

Go to Table of Contents, to read a specific section.

last change 05/28/2022