My views on Cosmology and Physics
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End of the Standard Model
Sabine Hossenfelder, a popular physicist in Europe, has concluded particle physics could be at its end.
Her video is titled Physics is Still in Crisis. She sees a crisis because the LHC is unable to discover any new particles.
LHC cost 3 billion euro. The project cost 6.5 billion euro. Converting to another currency is just another very big number.
An atomic weight (or atomic mass) is the sum of the masses of all the protons and electrons in the atom.
Each element is defined by the specific combination of these 2 particles.
The purpose of LHC is finding any sub-particles inside 2 primary particles.
Both particles have 2 attributes, mass and charge.
The detection by CERN of a Higgs boson was claimed to explain the origin of mass in a particle.
On 4 July 2012, the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider announced they had each observed a new particle in the mass region around 125 GeV.
This particle is consistent with the Higgs boson but it will take further work to determine whether or not it is the Higgs boson predicted by the Standard Model. The Higgs boson, as proposed within the Standard Model, is the simplest manifestation of the Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism.
Other types of Higgs bosons are predicted by other theories that go beyond the Standard Model. On 8 October 2013 the Nobel prize in physics was awarded jointly to François Englert and Peter Higgs "for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider".
Earlier, from CERN:
In 2010 the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) approved its seventh experiment: the Monopole and Exotics Detector at the LHC (MOEDAL).
The prime motivation of MOEDAL is to search directly for the magnetic monopole – a hypothetical particle with a magnetic charge.
I find no declaration by CERN of a detection by MOEDAL, though CERN made other announcements. I suspect the search continues.
I expect the detection of this magnetic monopole will be claimed to explain charge in a particle.
Until one is detected, there is no identified sub-particle for charge.
One can only wonder how many more billions will be spent before the inevitable conclusion:
The electron and proton are the 2 fundamental particles.
The only justification for the LHC is that some candidate sub-particles will be found in the debris, so they can be offered as an explanation for the 2 attributes of mass and charge.
Currently, only the Higgs boson is identified for mass.
Until the necessary sub-particles are found, particle physics is in a crisis. Sabine says the search has spanned 40 years.
when the failure to find sub-particles for both attributes is conceded, this is the end of the Standard Model, which is based on the debris found only in particle accelerators, not on the 2 particles found in all atoms.
Physics is still in crisis