Cosmology View

My views on Cosmology and Physics

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Einstein's Mistakes
With Forces and Light
and Their Impact on Physics

Einstein's mistakes began in his 2 papers of 1905, with the 1st on the photoelectric effect, and the 2nd on the Theory of Special Relativity.

Both papers were widely applauded, with the 1st getting the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics.

My book explains my disagreement with both papers.

I also describe the detrimental impact that the acceptance of these papers had on physics.

Physics is the science for the properties of matter and energy.

I call Einstein's conclusions mistakes because, by their acceptance, physics no longer understands gravity,  the nature of  light,  and the instantaneous effect of the fundamental forces of gravity, electric, and magnetic.

The 1st paper was a mistake by trying to change our understanding of electromagnetic radiation, or light, which was defined by James Clerk Maxwell as the propagation of synchronized electric and magnetic fields

Einstein proposed that light moves as packets of energy.  Gilbert N. Lewis named Einstein's packet of energy  a photon.
The conclusion is light has a particle nature

This mistake affected particle physics

The 2nd paper tried to change our understanding of the fundamental forces:

a) for gravity, Einstein proposed that only the gravitational field, not the force, is important for motion.  This neglects the fact that the force of gravity has 2 participants, so Einstein ignored the effect of the force on the other mass

b) Einstein defined  a path curvature for only a gravitational field, so this ignores electromagnetism when the special observer has an electrical charge.

c) Einstein  proposed the fundamental forces act at the velocity of light and are not instantaneous, as defined by Newton and Maxwell

This mistake with forces affected particle physics.

This mistake of velocity resulted in another mistake, of a non-existent gravitational wave, where there is no wave, and space-time cannot ripple for the invisible, undefined  wave.

Einstein also proposed gravity can bend the path of light. It cannot.

This mistake resulted in another mistake, of a non-existent gravitational lens.

It is also involved in yet another mistake, the impossible black hole, where matter disappears, because we cannot see any light from the mass..

However, though invisible,  its force of gravity from the hidden massremains.

A black hole is needed in cosmology as the wrong explanation for an X-ray source having a small size.

Cosmology has yet to integrate plasma physics, despite Hannes Alfven getting the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physics for his important work on plasma physics.

Cosmology fails to recognize a source of synchrotron radiation.

A black hole with a hot accretion disk is the wrong explanation for a source of  X-rays.

Isaac Newton had defined the relationship between a force, matter, and an acceleration of matter.

Newton defined gravity as an instantaneous force between 2 masses, but diminishing by the inverse-square of their mutual distance .

James Clerk Maxwell defined an instantaneous electric force between 2 charges, but diminishing by inverse- square of their mutual distance .

There is an important fundamental difference between the assumptions of Newton or Maxwell (or Alfven) and those of Einstein:

whether the effect of a force can be instantaneous, or is restricted to the velocity of light.

Of the 4 scientists, only Einstein claimed that both matter in motion and the fundamental forces were restricted to the velocity of light.

Neither has that observed restriction. Therefore, Einstein made a mistake.

That statement and the 2 papers justify my book's title.

The complete story covers many topics.

Einstein's Mistakes is a book presented in a series of web pages, so I call it a web-book.

Einstein's Mistakes With Forces and Light

date posted 01/25/2022