Cosmology Views

Return To Classical Physics References in the pdf dated May 27, 2021

This list also applies to the June 16, 2021 Edition.
That revision implemented the simple word error noted in the May 27 errata, plus an enhancement.
The Atomic Mass Defect section had changes to text and 2 charts. The text formatting was changed in an attempt to maintain subsequent page numbers. The change initially added 2 pages, but the final pdf has the same page count as the first edition. Therefore the user should expect some references might be off 1 or 2 pages in and after that mass defect section, but the rest should remain correct. This possible discrepancy should not be cumbersome when just looking for online references with the topic clearly identified for its original page.


The pdf has several references to Internet pages.

It is impractical to provide the complete URL for each reference in a pdf because sometimes the pdf viewer requests confirmation each time a link is beyond the pdf.

This web page provides a click-able link to a reference.

Here are the page numbers and each reference.

Each line begins with a link showing the page number and its target, which is either

a typical web page (URL) in html format, or

a pdf file, or
a YouTube (YT) video URL.

Some browsers do not open a pdf seamlessly,

Page numbers are in the pdf edition.

3-url - Stephen Crothers

7-url - Absolute time

8-url - Newton’s laws of motion

9-url - Newton's law of universal gravitation

11-url - Minkowski Space

11-url - History of special relativity

16 - NASA  changed its curvature graphic since this one from 2019.

19-url -  Electromagnetism

20-url - James Clerk Maxwell

20-url - Coulomb's law

20-url - Magnetic field

20-url - coulomb's law

21-url - Lorentz force

22-YT - Planck's Constant and the Nature of Light

22-url - Planck's Constant and the Nature of Light

25-url - AzCemistry article:

27-url - Bohr model

28-url - Lewis Dot structure

29-url - Valence bond theory

31-url - Standard model

32-url - atomic mass unit dalton

33-url - roton-to-electron mass ratio

37-url - Atomic Mass Unit Definition (AMU)

45-url - mass defect

46-url - Nuclear binding energy


My books Practical Particle Physics and Practical Atomic Model required many references to atomic data. Their References pages have links to the sources,  if required.

47-url - Practical Atomic  Model book references

47-url - Practical Particle Physics Model book references


For a link to a zip:

Right-click and Save target as is recommended for a zip, to extract its from your computer.

48-zip - ZR-Isotopes.zip

50-zip - Z-Elements-PAM.zip

51-zip - Z-Nucleus-Builder.zip

52-zip - Z-Populate-NewRings.zip

53-url - elementary particle

54-url - Electron

54-url - Quark

55-url -Proton

56-url - Neutron

57-url - Neutrino

58-url - Electron Neutrino

58-url - Cowan–Reines neutrino experiment

59-url - Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

61-url - Tau Neutrino

62-url - Muon

69-url - Plasma Pinch

70-YT - Biological Transmutation of Elements

70-YT - Experimental Transmutation of Elements

91-url - quantum defect

92-url- states of matter

93-url - gas

94-url - liquid

95-url - solid

95-url - Chemical Bonds

96-url - Covalent  Bond

97-url - Chemical Kinetics

99-url - proton or neutron rich; can't find the reference...

 100-url - electron capture

101-url - radium

102-url - alpha particle

105-url -  beta decay

110-url - Isaac Newon

110-YT - Why is the speed of light what it is? Maxwell equations visualized

111-YT - What is a field? by Lori Gardi

111-url - Dayton Miller

113-url - Law of Universal Gravitation

121-url - electric field

123-url - matter

123-url - condensed matter physics



124-pdf - JMR building block


124-YT - Sky Scholar channel

125-url - thermodynamics

125-YT- Sly Scholar thermodynamics

125-url - Doppler effect

127-url - Synchrotron Radiation

128-url - thermal radiation

133-url - Compton Scattering

135-url - Particle Pair Production

137-url - Photoelectric Effect

139-url - Molecular Vibration

141-YT - Donald Scott The Electronic Sun Electric Universe 2012

141-YT - Donald Scott: SAFIRE and the Electric Sun | Space News

142-url - HR diagram

142-url - star types

147-url - stellar association

148-url - Sun

154-url - kappa mechanism

159-url - Ulysses

159-url - Alfven Triumphs Again ( &Again)

161-url - TBP current pairs

161-YT - "Donald Scott The Electronic Sun Electric Universe 2012"

161-YT - "Donald Scott: SAFIRE and the Electric Sun | Space News"

162-url - NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database

162-url - M31 rotation curve

162-url - M31s Odd Rotation Curve

I believe in 2019 this video had an English version with this title, but now I can't find it.

162-YT - M31s Odd Rotation Curve

163-url - Twisted magnetic field in galaxy IC 342

164-url - Lyman Alpha Emitter Galaxy

176-url -  BeppoSAX study of many quasars

176-url - Quasistellar Objects: Intervening Absorption Lines

178-url - typical quasar

180-url - Seeing Red book is no longer in print, but some  sites offer it as used

182-url - 3C 273

187-  M87 Black hole torus video:

187-YT- Wal Thornhill: Black Hole or Plasmoid? | Space News

189-url - Extinction Shift Principle

190-url - YT - Electro-gravity

190-url - my post about the E-G  video, posted on 04/01/2021

192-url - Observing Our Universe

192-url - Cosmology Transition

193-url - Cosmology Connections

193-url - Redefining Gravity

194-url - Practical Particle Physics

194-url - Practical Atomic Model

194-url - Measuring Galaxies

195-url - LIGO Legacy


last change - 05/28/2021